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How will Human protect Privacy when Machines can Read Minds?

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In the months following the 2009 presidential election in Iran, protests erupted across the country. The Iranian government violently suppressed what came to be known as the Iranian Green Movement, even blocking mobile signals to cut off communication between the protesters.

My parents, who emigrated to the United States in the late 1960s, during some of the most violent and spend substantial time there, where all of the large, extended family live. During some of the most violent crackdowns of the protest, none of them dared discuss with me what was happening.

They or I knew to quickly steer the conversation to other topics. All of us understood what the consequences could be of a perceived dissident action. But I still wish I could have known what they were thinking or what they were feeling.

What if I could have?

Or more frighteningly, what if the Iranian government could have?

Would they have arrested them based on what their brains revealed? That day may be closer than you think. With our growing capabilities in neuroscience, artificial intelligence and machine learning, we may soon know a lot more of what’s happening in the human brain. As a bioethicist, a lawyer, a philosopher and an Iranian-American, I’m deeply concerned about what this means for our freedoms and what kinds of protections we need.

I believe we need a right to cognitive liberty, as a human right that needs to be protected. If not, our freedom of thought, access and control over our own brains and our mental privacy will be threatened.

Consider this: Brain-Decoding Technology

the average person thinks thousands of thoughts each day. As a thought takes form, like a math calculation or a number, a word, neurons are interacting in the brain, creating a miniscule electrical discharge.

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When you have a dominant mental state, like relaxation, hundreds and thousands of neurons are firing in the brain, creating concurrent electrical discharges in characteristic patterns that can be measured with electroencephalography, or EEG.

EEG Consumer Device

In fact, that’s what you’re seeing right now. You’re seeing my brain activity that was recorded in real time with a simple device that was worn on my head. What you’re seeing is my brain activity when I was relaxed and curious.

To share this information with you, I wore one of the early consumer-based EEG devices like this one, which recorded the electrical activity in my brain in real time. It’s not unlike the fitness trackers that some of you may be wearing to measure your heart rate or the steps that you’ve taken, or even your sleep activity.

It’s hardly the most sophisticated neuroimaging technique on the market. But it’s already the most portable and the most likely to impact our everyday lives.

This is extraordinary. Through a simple, wearable device, we can literally see inside the human brain and learn aspects of our mental landscape without ever uttering a word.

Nita Farahany Brain in Real time Create Link

While we can’t reliably decode complex thoughts just yet, we can already gauge a person’s mood, and with the help of artificial intelligence, we can even decode some single-digit numbers or shapes or simple words that a person is thinking or hearing, or seeing.

Despite some inherent limitations in EEG, I think it’s safe to say that with our advances in technology, more and more of what’s happening in the human brain can and will be decoded over time.

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Already, using one of these devices, an epileptic can know they’re going to have an epileptic seizure before it happens.A paraplegic can type on a computer with their thoughts alone. A US-based company has developed
a technology to embed these sensors into the headrest of automobilies so they can track driver concentration, distraction and cognitive load while driving.

Ted Talk technology

Nissan, insurance companies and AAA have all taken note. You could even watch this choose-your-own adventure movie “The Moment,” which, with an EEG headset, changes the movie based on your brain-based reactions, giving you a different ending every time your attention wanes.

This may all sound great, and as a biosciencist I am a huge proponent of empowering people to take charge of their own health and well-being by giving them access to information about themselves, including this incredible new brain-decoding technology.

But I worry that we will voluntarily or involuntarily give up our last bastion of freedom, our mental privacy. That we will trade our brain activity for rebates or discounts on insurance, or free access to social-media accounts … or even to keep our jobs.

In fact, in China, the train drivers on the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed rail, the busiest of its kind in the world, are required to wear EEG devices to monitor their brain activity while driving.

According to some news sources, in government-run factories in China, the workers are required to wear EEG sensors to monitor their productivity and their emotional state at work. Workers are even sent home if their brains show less-than-stellar concentration on their jobs, or emotional agitation.

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It’s not going to happen tomorrow, but we’re headed to a world of brain transparency. And I don’t think people understand that that could change everything. Everything from our definitions of data privacy to our laws, to our ideas about freedom. In fact, in my lab at Duke University, we recently conducted a nationwide study in the United States to see if people appreciated the sensitivity of their brain information.

I worry about the ability of our laws to keep up with technological change. Take the First Amendment of the US Constitution, which protects freedom of speech. Does it also protect freedom of thought? And if so, does that mean that we’re free to alter our thoughts however we want?

Or can the government or society tell us what we can do with our own brains? Can the NSA spy on our brains using these new mobile devices? Can the companies that collect
the brain data through their applications sell this information to third parties?
Right now, no laws prevent them
from doing so.

This is a stage presentation on Ted Talk by Nita A. Farahany. She is a leading scholar on the ethical, legal, and social implications of biosciences and emerging technologies, particularly those related to neuroscience and behavioral genetics.

 

Reviews

Huawei Y5 Lite 5.45-Inch HD+ (1GB, 16GB ROM) Android 8.1 Oreo Go, 8MP + 5MP Dual SIM 4G Smartphone – Black (+ Free Key Ring)

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Huawei Y5 Lite 5.45-Inch HD+ (1GB, 16GB ROM) Android 8.1 Oreo Go, 8MP + 5MP Dual SIM 4G Smartphone – Black (+ Free Key Ring)

The Huawei Y5 Lite is smart, durable and available at a price that’s more than pocket-friendly. Featuring a 5.45-inch HD+ display that’s perfect for reading ebooks, watching videos and viewing media. The Y5 Lite smartphone also boasts a fast charging 3,020mAh battery that’s long-lasting and will carry you through a full day’s operation. The combination of a quad-core processor and Android 8.1 Oreo Go operating system, and a 1GB RAM makes multitasking on this Huawei device sweet. Buy the Huawei Y5 Lite online from Jumia at the best price in Nigeria and enjoy secure and convenient online shopping and nationwide delivery.

Huawei Y5 Lite cheapest android smartphone in nigeria
5.5 inch android smartphone best price

big battery android smartphoneSPECIFICATIONS-DISPLAY

  • Screen Size: 5.45 inches
  • Screen Colour: 16.7 million colours, colour saturation rate (NTSC): 70% (typical value)
  • Screen Type: TFT LCD (IPS)
  • Resolution: HD+ 1440 x 720 pixels
  • Screen Pixel Density: 295 PPI

CPU

  • MediaTek MT6739
  • Quad-core

OPERATING SYSTEM

  • Android 8.1.0 (Android Oreo Go Edition)

MEMORY

  • 1 GB RAM + 16 GB ROM
  • Storage Card Type: microSD card
  • External Memory Support: 256 GB (non-standard configuration)

*Due to limitations in CPU processing power, memory used by the operating system and pre-installed applications, the actual space available to users may be less than the stated memory capacity. Actual memory space may change due to application updates, user operations, and other related factors.

NETWORK–Single SIM Card 1 GB + 16 GB

  • 4G LTE FDD: B1 / B3 / B5 / B7 / B8 / B20
  • 4G LTE TDD: B40
  • 3G WCDMA: B1 / B5 / B8
  • 2G GSM: B2 / B3 / B5 / B8

Note: Functions available on the live network depend on the carrier network.

Dual SIM Card 1 GB + 16 GB

Primary SIM card:

  • 4G LTE FDD: B1 / B3 / B5 / B7 / B8 / B20
  • 4G LTE TDD: B40
  • 3G WCDMA: B1 / B5 / B8
  • 2G GSM: B2 / B3 / B5 / B8
  • Secondary SIM card (voice services only, no data service):
  • 3G WCDMA: B1 / B5 / B8
  • 2G GSM: B2 / B3 / B5 / B8

Note:Either card slot can be set to accommodate the primary or secondary SIM card.

Functions available on the live network depend on the carrier network.

KEY FEATURES

  • Memory: 1GB RAM + 16GB ROM
  • Battery: 3,020mAh
  • Network: 4G LTE
  • Dual SIM
  • Display: 5.45-Inch HD+
  • Camera: 8MP Rear + 5MP Front
  • Operating System: Android 8.1 Oreo Go
  • CPU: Quad Core MediaTek

DISPLAY

Screen Size
5.5
STORAGE & SPEED
ROM (internal storage)–16
RAM–1
OPERATING SYSTEM–Operating System Android
WARRANTY–Product warranty1 Year
SKU–SKU (simple)
HU802MT0L10QONAFAMZ-34117075

GPS–GPS, GLONASS, AGPS

CONNECTIVITY

  • 802.11b/g/n
  • Bluetooth: BT 4.2, BLE
  • USB / Charging Port: micro USB, USB 2.0

SENSORS

  • Accelerometer Sensor
  • Ambient Light Sensor
  • Proximity Sensor

CAMERA

Rear Camera:Single-lens camera:

  • 8 MP, f/2.0 aperture, supports autofocus (phase focus)

Front Camera: Single-lens camera:

  • 5 MP, f/2.2 aperture, supports fixed focal length

Flash: Front Selfie Toning flash/Rear single-tone LED flash

AUDIO *.mp3, *.mid, *.amr, *.awb, *.3gp, *.mp4, *.m4a, *.aac, *.wav, *.ogg, *.flac, *.mkv

VIDEO *.3gp, *.mp4, *.webm, *.mkv

BATTERY

  • 3020 mAh (typical value)
  • 5 V / 1 A charger

*Typical value. Actual capacity may vary slightly.

This capacity is the nominal battery capacity. The actual battery capacity for each individual phone may be slightly above or below the nominal battery capacity.

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Gadgets and Reviews

EA Sports FIFA 18 – PS4 + PS4 Dual Shock Wireless Controller Pad

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The EA Sports FIFA 18 – PS4 + PS4 Dual Shock Wireless Controller Pad is Powered by Frostbite, EA SPORTS FIFA 18 blurs the line between the virtual and real worlds, bringing to life the players, teams, and atmospheres of The World’s Game. Move with Real Player Motion Technology to unlock Dramatic Moments in the world’s most Immersive Atmospheres. And go on a global journey with a star-studded cast of characters in The Journey: Hunter Returns. In FIFA Ultimate Team, FUT ICONS, featuring Ronaldo Nazário and other football legends, are coming to FIFA 18.

TEAM STYLES AND POSITIONING
New Player Positioning: With more freedom in motion, your teammates examine the pitch and react accordingly; darting forward in coordinated runs, or moving into space to provide consistent attacking support. New player positioning gives you a well-balanced and spread pitch with more opportunities in time and space to read the play.• Team Styles: A deep set of authentic playing styles attributed to several teams put the most-recognized tactics on the pitch in FIFA 18 – now in AI you will immediately recognize the tiki-taka of some of Europe’s best clubs or the high-pressing style of teams in the Premier League. Feel a change in defensive and attacking approaches every time you choose a new club or opponent.

Dynamic Quick Substitutes: All-new context based substitution prompts allow players to easily make changes without pausing the match. Whether it’s a missed chance, or necessary response to conceding a goal, you can instantly decide if a change is needed without visiting the menu.

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KEY FEATURES
  • More Than a Game- The Biggest Step in Gameplay in Franchise History
  • The World’s best game plus the Latest PS4 Controller
  • The Difference Is Clear: Grey Buttons, Extra Light Bar On The Touch Pad.
  • Real Player Motion Technology: An all New Animation system that unlocks the next level of responsiveness and Player Personality.
  • More responsive and fluid gameplay with the controller
  • Dramatic Moments- Score incredible goals in FIFA 18 as new movement and finishing animations unlock more fluid stricking and heading of the ball
  • Powered by Frostbite, FIFA 18 blurs the line between the virtual and real worlds, bringing to life the heroes, teams, and atmospheres of the world’s Game
  • Immersive Atmosphere: Authentic Sun positions, cinematic atmosphere grading, signature pitch-side features, on Pitch Debris
WHAT IN THE BOX
  • Rating: Everyone
  • Category: Sports & Gaming
  • A Star Studded Cast
  • Impactful Decision
  • Local multiplayer
  • New Playable Characters
SPECIFICATIONS OF FIFA 18 – PS4 + PS4 DUAL SHOCK WIRELESS CONTROLLER PAD
SKU..EA839EL0OQ6WXNAFAMZ
Product Line..DayoIT
Weight (kg)..0.7

FIFA 18  players wants to enjoy a new location in Brazil and the United States. The 3rd League which is the third tier of the Bundesliga, Iceland’s national football team and the Turkish Super League wants to be featured in  FIFA 18 .

FIFA 18  has many new features such as:

  • More responsive and fluid gameplay
  • Better Personalized Player Experience: Allows us to use Ronaldo’s signature sprint move.
  • A better dribbling experience
  • Provides a more responsive gameplay

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Gadgets and Reviews

Windows 10 Mobile is Now Dead and Officially Buried

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Windows 10 Mobile is Now Dead and Officially Buried.Windows 10 Mobile is dead and Microsoft has officially given up on it. So if you’re holding on for dear life to a Microsoft Windows 10 Mobile phone, you have less than a year to upgrade to something else.

Microsoft recently published a support page detailing Windows 10 Mobile’s upcoming End of Support.

windows 10 mobile

The company said that all Windows 10 Mobile users are no longer eligible to receive updates, including security updates, from December 10, 2019. Devices that are running Windows 10 Mobile version 1703 will no longer receive support even earlier — on June 11th, 2019.

After your device reaches end of support, some of the features will slowly stop working and Microsoft won’t do anything about it. That includes automatic or manual device backups, which will end on March 10, 2020.

While Microsoft admitted defeat long ago when it stopped making and selling Windows mobile devices, this FAQ is a new nail in the coffin for the mobile operating system.

The way out of all this? Switch to Android and iOS, says Microsoft.

“Microsoft’s mission statement to empower every person and every organization on the planet to achieve more, compels us to support our Mobile apps on those platforms and devices,” the company said, recommending users to move to an Android or iOS device.

Are you still using Windows 10 Mobile Phone?

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